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Forkways: Forklore - Sunflowers

Common Sunflower Helianthus annuus. Domestication: approximately 4,000 years ago in North America Native form: Helianthus annuus though domestication drastically increased the seed size Currently has three known variations. Over 60 species. First written account: 1568, Rembert Dodoens
The sunflower is most commonly identified as a flower. It is part of the Asteraceae family. The sunflower played an important role in early American agriculture for many tribes across what is now the United States. Archaeological evidence suggests that propagation of sunflowers predates the spread of maize from Mesoamerica. The crop played an important role in the transition between nomadic and sedentary lifestyles. Sunflowers were used as a part of the Three Sisters agricultural system. They attracted pollinators and are considered on of the other sisters. The scientific name comes from the Greek word helios meaning sun or star and anthos meaning flower.

Edible parts: seeds, yellow florets Edible uses: raw, roas…

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